THUNDER BAY, ON, Jan. 19, 2021 /CNW/ - Premier Gold Mines Limited ("Premier", the "Company") (TSX: PG) (OTCPK: PIRGF) is pleased to announce the results of a Preliminary Feasibility Study ("PFS" "Report"), with an effective date of December 1, 2020, for the South Arturo Project (the "Project") located in the heart of the Carlin Trend in Nevada. South Arturo is operated by the Company's joint venture partner Nevada Gold Mines (40% PG/60% NGM), which is itself a partnership between Barrick Gold and Newmont Mining.
The PFS was prepared by Practical Mining LLC and based on the current mineral reserves, utilizing drilling to November 2019 with a life of mine ("LOM") plan that includes the underground El Niño Mine and the proposed Phase 1 Open Pit. Mineral Reserves are reported only for material amenable to roasting from the Phase 1 pit and El Niño underground.
All PFS highlights below reflect only Premier's 40% ownership, unless otherwise stated.
PFS Highlights of the Report include:
- $78.1 Million After-tax NPV5% based on a US$1,400/oz gold price based solely on the El Niño Mine and the Phase 1 Pit
- Phase 1 Pit only - 50% After-tax Internal Rate of return ("IRR")
- Combined All-in Sustaining Costs (AISC) of $851 per oz
- An increase in Proven and Probable mineral reserves of +27%, Measured and Indicated mineral resources of +148% and Inferred mineral resources of +917% versus December 31, 2018
- Proven and Probable mineral reserves of 350.5koz gold averaging 2.87 g/t Au1
- The PFS does not include the potential of the Phase 3 open pit, heap leach opportunity nor additional underground mining scenarios
- Also does not include the results from the 2020 drill program, targeting expansion of the El Niño underground mine and the potential upgrading of the near-surface mineralization
Premier anticipates that a new mineral resource estimate will be completed in 2021 following receipt of all 2020 drilling results. Following the mineral resource estimate, the Company believes an updated PFS would be justified and should include a trade-off study to determine the merits of developing the Phase 3 pit by underground and/or open–pit mining methods and further refinement of the heap leach opportunities at South Arturo.
1 Based upon variable cut-off grades that are dependent on recovery and processing methods.
The life-of-mine (LOM) after-tax cash flow attributable to Premier is estimated to be $463.4 Million, providing an after–tax NPV5 of $78.1 Million and an after-tax IRR of 50% for the Phase 1 Pit. Highlight financial statistics for the PFS can be found in Table 1.
Table 1: PFS Financial Statistics (*Attributable to Premier)
El Niño UG
Phase 1 Pit
Gold price - base case (US$/oz)
Silver price - base case (US$/oz)
Mine life (years)
Mining Rate (tons/day)
Strip Ratio (tons waste:ton ore)
Processed tons (ktons)
Average grade (oz/t Au)
Average gold recovery (roaster %)
Average annual gold production (koz)*
Total recovered gold (koz)*
Cash cost (US$/oz)1
Processing Costs ($/ton)
All-in sustaining cost (US$/oz)1
Project after-tax NPV5% (M$)*
Project after-tax IRR
1. Net of by-product sales
"While the Pre-feasibility Study currently contemplates mining only a small portion of the overall resources contained on the property, it highlights the robust economics of the project", stated Ewan Downie, President and CEO of Premier Gold Mines. "Substantial increases in mineral reserves and resources support my belief that South Arturo has the potential to grow for years to come. There continues to be significant potential to increase the mine life by conversion of resources to reserves from the 2020 drilling for both El Niño and Phase 1, and continuing exploration as the deposits remain open for further expansion. Overall, the project economics reflect well on Nevada Gold Mines' discipline in developing and operating their projects".
The South Arturo project is a producing mine with low capital requirements, operating costs and robust economics that include a breakeven gold price (at a 5% discount rate) of $811/oz. The project remains economic with up to 40% increases in capital or operating costs and is most sensitive to gold prices (see Table 2), operating and capital costs.
Table 2: Project Sensitivity Analysis
Gold Price ($/oz Au)
% change for sensitivity
Mineral Resources & Reserves
Mineral Reserves are reported only for material amenable to roasting from the Phase 1 pit and El Niño underground and summarized in Table 3.
Mineral Resources (exclusive of Mineral Reserves) as of December 1, 2020 are presented in Table 4 and include open–pit and stockpile mineralization, oxide mineralization amenable to CIL milling or heap leach processing, and refractory roaster material. Underground Mineral Resources are entirely refractory and require roasting. The underground mineral reserves and resources include all drill results up to November 20, 2019 and until September 12, 2019 for the open pit. Additional drilling was completed in 2020 focusing on expansion of the El Niño deposit at depth and proximal to the Phase 1 and Phase 3 deposits to better define near-surface mineralization, the results of which are not considered in this update.
Table 3: South Arturo Property Mineral Reserves (40% basis) as of December 1, 2020
Proven and Probable
Mineral Reserve Estimate Notes:
- Mineral Reserves are stated as of December 1, 2020;
- Mineral Reserves are estimated using variable cut-off grades that are dependent upon recovery and processing method;
- Mineral Reserves have been estimated at a gold price of $1,200 per troy ounce and a silver price of $15 per ounce;
- The base case economic analysis is presented at a gold price of $1,400 per ounce and a silver price of $15 per ounce;
- Underground Mineral Reserves include modifying mill to model reconciliation factors of 1.14 and – 0.96 applied to tons and contained metal respectively; and,
- Modifying factors for tons and contained metal have not been applied to open pit Mineral Reserves.
Table 4: South Arturo Mineral Resources Estimate (40% basis, exclusive of Mineral Reserves) as of December 1, 2020
Measured and Indicated
Mineral Resource Estimate Notes:
- Mineral Resources are exclusive of Mineral Reserves;
- Mineral Recourses are stated as of December 1, 2020;
- Mineral Resources are estimated using variable cutoff grades that are dependent upon recovery and processing method;
- Open Pit Mineral Resources are constrained within a pit shell generated using a gold price of $1,500 per ounce and a silver price of $15 per ounce;
- Underground Mineral Resources are constrained by Mine Stope Optimizer shapes generated using a gold price of $1,500 per ounce and a silver price of $15 per ounce;
- Modifying mill to model factors for tons and contained metal have not been applied to the open pit Mineral Resources;
- Underground Mineral Resources include modifying mill to model reconciliation factors of 1.025 and – 0.901 applied to tons and contained metal, respectively;
- A Mineral Resource is a concentration or occurrence of solid material of economic interest in or on the Earth's crust in such form, grade or quality and quantity that there are reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction. The location, quantity, grade or quality, continuity and other geological characteristics of a Mineral Resource are known, estimated or interpreted from specific geological evidence and knowledge, including sampling; and,
- An Inferred Mineral Resource is that part of a Mineral Resource for which quantity and grade or quality are estimated on the basis of limited geological evidence and sampling. Geological evidence is sufficient to imply but not verify geological and grade or quality continuity. An Inferred Mineral Resource has a lower level of confidence than that applying to an Indicated Mineral Resource and must not be converted to a Mineral Reserve. It is reasonably expected that the majority of Inferred Mineral Resources could be upgraded to Indicated Mineral Resources with continued exploration.
Practical Mining LLC, under the supervision of Dagny Odell, P.E., Laura Symmes, SME, and Robert Raponi, P. Eng., each being Qualified Persons within the meaning National Instrument (NI) 43-101, was the lead consultant for the Project PFS. A technical report detailing the Project PFS will be filed within 45-days.
All abbreviations used in this press release are available by following this link (click here).
The Company has included certain terms and performance measures commonly used in the mining industry that are not defined under International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") within this document. These Non-IFRS measures include cash cost per ounce sold, all in sustaining cost ("AISC") per ounce sold. Non-IFRS measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore, they may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The data presented is intended to provide additional information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures prepared in accordance with IFRS. Readers should refer to the Company's Management Discussion and Analysis under the heading "Non-IFRS Measures" for a more detailed discussion of how such measures are calculated.
Certain statements in this release constitute "forward-looking statements" or "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable securities laws. Such statements and information involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the company, its projects, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements or information. Such statements can be identified by the use of words such as "may", "would", "could", "will", "intend", "expect", "believe", "plan", "anticipate", "estimate", "scheduled", "forecast", "predict" and other similar terminology, or state that certain actions, events or results "may", "could", "would", "might" or "will" be taken, occur or be achieved. These statements reflect the Company's current expectations regarding future events, performance and results and speak only as of the date of this release.
Such forward-looking statements include but are not limited to the updated results of the Pre-Feasibility Study on the Project, such as future estimates of internal rates of return, net present value, future production, estimates of cash cost, proposed mining plans and methods, mine life estimates, cash flow forecasts, metal recoveries, estimates of capital and operating costs and the size and timing of phased development of the Project. Furthermore, with respect to this specific forward-looking information concerning the development of the Project, the company has based its assumptions and analysis on certain factors that are inherently uncertain. Uncertainties include: (i) the adequacy of infrastructure; (ii) geological characteristics; (iii) metallurgical characteristics of the mineralization; (iv) the ability to develop adequate processing capacity; (v) the price of gold; (vi) the availability of equipment and facilities necessary to complete development; (vii) the cost of consumables and mining and processing equipment; (viii) unforeseen technological and engineering problems; (ix) accidents; * currency fluctuations; (xi) changes in regulations; (xii) the compliance by joint venture partners with terms of agreements; (xiii) the availability and productivity of skilled labour; (xiv) the regulation of the mining industry by various governmental agencies; (xv) the ability to raise sufficient capital to develop such projects; (xiv) changes in project scope or design; and (xv) political factors.
Forward-looking statements and information involve significant risks and uncertainties, should not be read as guarantees of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indicators of whether or not such results will be achieved. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements or information, including, but not limited to, the factors discussed below and elsewhere in this release, as well as unexpected changes in laws, rules or regulations, or their enforcement by applicable authorities; the failure of parties to contracts with the company to perform as agreed; social or labour unrest; changes in commodity prices; and the failure of exploration programs or studies to deliver anticipated results or results that would justify and support continued exploration, studies, development or operations.
Although the forward-looking statements contained in this release are based upon what management of the company believes are reasonable assumptions, the company cannot assure investors that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this release and are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Subject to applicable securities laws, the company does not assume any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this release.
The Company's actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of the factors described herein and set out in the "Risks and Risk Management" section in the company's Q3 2020 MD&A and under the heading "Risk Factors" in its current annual information form.
SOURCE Premier Gold Mines Limited
For further information: Ewan Downie, President & CEO, 1.888.346.1390, Info@premiergoldmines.com, www.premiergoldmines.com